POOM SE (pattern or form) is a choreographed demonstration of various kicks, blocks, and hand techniques of Tae Kwon Do that the student utilizes with an imaginary opponent or opponents. Observing a stilled practitioner is like watching a ballet, since both are graceful as well as calculated and controlled. Forms are used to develop concentration, balance, precision, endurance reflex, action, power, speed and agility.
GRY ROO GI (sparring or fighting) is the practical application of various kicking and self-defense with an actual partner. In this area of practice, control (in order to prevent injury), coordination, speed, power strength, skill, technique, precision, timing, endurance and confidence are deciding factors. Sparring is the sport of fighting using kicks and some strikes to score points against your opponent. Footwork, strategy, technique, offensive and defensive tactics are an important part of training for competition.
KYUK PAH (breaking) is done to practice and illustrate the formidable power, precision and great mental concentration of the Tae Kwon Do Practitioner. Bricks, wooden boards, cement blocks, ice, etc. are broken since it is not feasible to use this sort of power on another person in everyday practice.
HO SIN SOOL (self-defense) is the study of how to prevent, avoid, resist and disable an attacker. The practitioner learns when, how and where to attack and assailant, by using grappling and joint locking techniques, falling, rolling, throws, kicks, blocks, strikes and pressure points.
JUNG SHIN TONG IL (meditation)is for the purpose of concentration and focus. It is a quite time, in which you clear your mind, visualize goals, listen to your conscience, and internalize truths and moral standards.